18 May 2017 Parshas Behar: Shemittah, The Great Equalizer
In the first of this week’s double parshios, Parshas Behar, we learn of the mitzvah ha’telu’yah ba’Aretz (a mitzvah kept only in the land of Israel): Shemittah, the seventh Sabbatical year.
The Torah tells us that when we come to the Land, for six years we may work the fields and gather the crops, וּבַשָּׁנָה הַשְּׁבִיעִת, שַׁבַּת שַׁבָּתוֹן יִהְיֶה לָאָרֶץ–שַׁבָּת, לַה – And on the seventh year, a complete rest there shall be for the Land, a Shabbos for Hashem (Vayikra 25:2-5). All land lies fallow during the year of complete rest for the Land.
What of the produce that naturally grows, on its own, during the seventh Shemittah year? וְהָיְתָה שַׁבַּת הָאָרֶץ לָכֶם, לְאָכְלָה–לְךָ, וּלְעַבְדְּךָ וְלַאֲמָתֶךָ; וְלִשְׂכִירְךָ, וּלְתוֹשָׁבְךָ, הַגָּרִים, עִמָּךְ – And the resting of the land shall be yours to eat, for you, and for your slave, and for your maidservant; and for your hired worker and for one who resides with you. And for your animal and the beast that is in your land, shall all its crop be to eat (ibid, v.6-7).
Rashi (ibid) explains that although working the land is forbidden during this year, we are permitted to eat from the fruits of the land that grow on their own. However, one may not act as the landowner (of the land that is “his” during the other six years), rather, הַכֹּל יִהְיוּ שָׁוִים בָּהּ – all should be equal, and have equal rights, to the produce of the seventh year.
The bounty of the land during the seventh year is ownerless, and belongs to the land owner (who is not the land owner this year), his workers, animals, residents, paupers, and any who may desire to take from the fruits of the land.
In essence, the Shemittah year reminds us that there is truly only One Owner, One Master, One Provider, and One Sustainer.
Shemittah: The Great Equalizer.
לה׳ הארץ ומלואה תבל וישבי בה – The land and its fullness are Hashem’s; the world and those who dwell therein (Tehillim 24:1).
For six years man lives with the illusion that he is the owner and provider, כֹּחִי וְעֹצֶם יָדִי, עָשָׂה לִי אֶת-הַחַיִל הַזֶּה – The strength and might of *my* hand have made me all this wealth! (Devarim 8:17)
And then he comes to the Shemittah year… and his illusions are shattered and his pride is diminished, as he abruptly remembers that his land is not really his. For G-d is the Owner and Provider, and now those very fields belong to man, animal, servant, maidservant, rich and poor alike.
And isn’t that the message of Mattan Torah (the giving of Torah), which was given to us on Har Sinai, Bamidbar (on Mt. Sinai, in the desert)?
In the open vastness of the Wilderness of Sinai, at the foothills of one small mountain, on land in no man’s land, Hashem betrothed Knesses Yisrael and gave us the Torah.
For just at the Land ultimately belongs to all, so too, does the Torah belong to us all.
וְאַתֶּם תִּהְיוּ-לִי מַמְלֶכֶת כֹּהֲנִים, וְגוֹי קָדוֹשׁ – And you shall be for Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation… You shall, all of you individually and all of you collectively, be to Me, Hashem, a holy nation. כִּי-לִי כָּל-הָאָרֶץ – For the whole earth is Mine (Shemos 19:5-6).
As we stood there, at the foothills of Har Sinai, on the cusp of spiritual freedom, ready to accept the Torah, HKB”H charged us with the task to be a holy nation to Him, to be a kingdom of priests, and to always remember that the whole earth is His.
For six days – and for six years – we may work the land, till and sow the land, plant and harvest the land… But on the seventh day, and in the seventh year, we take a step back and remember: None of this is mine – it is all, rather, a Shabbat la’Hashem (Vayikra 25:2,4).
Reuven and Shimon came to R’ Chaim Volozhin (1749-1821) arguing over a piece of property that each claimed belonged to them. After listening to both sides present their cases, R’ Chaim said, “Come, let us go to the field. I would like to see for myself the actual property in question to better understand your arguments.”
Reuven and Shimon were puzzled. What will looking at the property help, they wondered. Once there, R’ Chaim said, “Ok, Reuven, let me hear what you have to say.” Reuven re-told his side of the story. R’ Chaim then turned to Shimon and asked him to present his side of the story. After they had both presented their side, R’ Chaim said, “Now let me hear what the field has to say.” As Reuven and Shimon looked on in astonishment, R’ Chaim Volozhin bent down and put his ear near the ground to listen! When he stood up, Shimon was smiling and asked, “Nu, so what does the ground have to say?”
With a serious look, R’ Chaim replied, “The ground said, ‘This one claims that I belong to him for this reason, and that one claims that I belong to him for that reason. The truth is, in no time at all, they will both belong to me!’”
Lest we forget Who is in charge, it behooves us to step back, and as the prophet tells us, שְׂאוּ-מָרוֹם עֵינֵיכֶם וּרְאוּ מִי-בָרָא אֵלֶּה – Lift your eyes to the heavens, and see Who created this (Yeshayahu 40:26).
For the beloved, unique, and holy Land that is His, we give thanks; for the cooling, life-giving waters of Torah that is His, we give thanks; and for our very lives, and the bounty within and all around us, for all of this, we give thanks upon thanks.
בברכת בשורות טובות ושבת שלום,